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How to Become a Medical Lawyer

by Lily Morgen
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Medical Lawyer

A medical lawyer is a legal professional specializing in medical law. This type of lawyer handles cases related to medical malpractice, hospital and health care administration, patient rights, and other topics connected with the health care system.

To become a medical lawyer, you will need to complete a bachelor’s degree, take the LSAT, apply to law school & earn a Juris Doctor (JD) degree, pass the Bar Exam, and gain experience.

1. Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

A bachelor’s degree is required for law school, so you’ll need to get one before applying. While there is no particular degree that you need to become a medical lawyer, degrees in pre-law, science, or health care administration can help prepare you for the field. 

These areas of study provide an understanding of legal and medical terminology as well as the various aspects of both disciplines. During your undergraduate studies, consider taking courses related to medical law, such as bioethics, healthcare administration, public health law, and medical negligence.

2. Take the LSAT

The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is a standardized test used by most law schools to assess applicants. It tests your reading comprehension skills as well as your logic and reasoning abilities. 

It is a half-day exam that lasts four hours. You’ll need to score at least 140 on this exam in order to be considered for admission into most law schools.

3. Apply to Law School and Earn Juris Doctor (JD) Degree

After passing the LSAT, you’ll need to apply to law school. You’ll study there for 3 years to earn a Juris Doctor (JD) degree. 

During your time in law school, you will study core legal courses like civil procedure, legal writing, and professional responsibility to prepare you for the practice of law. Also, you’ll learn medical laws like health care regulation and policy, public health law, and medical malpractice

Many schools offer clinics or internships in this field where students can gain hands-on experience with medical practices and doctor-patient relationships.

4. Pass the Bar Exam

After you have completed your JD, you’ll need to pass the bar exam to obtain a law license. This exam is administered by the state in which you wish to practice law.

The Bar Exam is a test administered by many states in the United States to determine whether an individual has the qualities and competencies necessary to become a practicing attorney. The Bar Exam consists of two different sections: the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) and the state-specific portion.

The MBE tests legal knowledge in the fields of contracts, criminal law and procedure, constitutional law, evidence, real property, torts, and civil procedure.

The state-specific portion consists of either essay questions or performance tests measuring a candidate’s ability to apply legal principles and analyze facts in specific situations.

5. Gain Experience

Once you have passed the Bar Exam and obtained a law license, you’ll need to gain experience in medical law. You can do this by working in a firm that specializes in medical malpractice or health care administration, or by doing an internship with a hospital or government agency. 

As you gain more experience, you will be better equipped to handle the complexities of medical law.

Final Thought

Becoming a medical lawyer is a long and arduous process, but if you have the dedication to succeed in this field, you can make a meaningful contribution to the healthcare system. 

With extensive education and knowledge of legal and medical matters, as well as experience handling medical cases, you will be well-prepared to advise your clients and help them navigate the complexities of the law.

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